15 Nov SIBO & Food Poisoning / Traveler’s Diarrhea
Have you ever had food poisoning or traveler’s diarrhea?
You may not even recall exactly, however it may have contributed to your current situation.
How you may ask? Let me explain…
The symptoms and severity of food poisoning vary, depending on which bacteria or virus has contaminated the food. The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths in the United States are: Salmonella, Norovirus, Campylobacter, E. coli, Listeria, and Clostridium perfringens
The top bacteria that can cause food poisoning, Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, C.difficile and E.coli all release a toxin called cytolethal distending toxin B.
Let’s take a look at just one of these buggers.…
Salmonella is often spread by
- Lack or improper washing of hands after using the toilet. *Sorry, but I can’t even tell you how many times I see this!
- Handling pets, especially reptiles and birds.
Salmonella food poisoning is commonly caused by:
- undercooked chicken, turkey, or other poultry
- undercooked eggs
- *unpasteurized milk or juice*
- *contaminated raw fruits, vegetables, or nuts*
Consuming raw, undercooked, or unpasteurized foods and liquids increase a person’s relative risk.
Reports of Salmonella Outbreak Investigations from 2018
Outbreak Investigations Linked to Food
•Raw Chicken Products – Salmonella Infantis
•Ground Beef – Salmonella Newport
•Gravel Ridge Farms Shell Eggs – Salmonella Enteritidis
•Chicken – Salmonella I 4,],12:i:-
•Raw Turkey Products – Salmonella Infections
•Hy-vee Spring Pasta Salad – Salmonella Sandiego
•Kellogg’s Honey Smacks Cereal – Salmonella Mbandaka
•Pre-Cut Melon – Salmonella Adelaide
•Shell Eggs – Salmonella Braenderup
•Dried Coconut – Salmonella Typhimurium
•Chicken Salad – Salmonella Typhimurium
•Kratom – Salmonella I 4,,12:b:-
•Raw Sprouts – Salmonella Montevideo
•Frozen Shredded Coconut – Salmonella I 4,,12:b:- and Salmonella Newport
Outbreak Investigations Linked to Animals
•Live Poultry in Backyard Flocks – Salmonella Infections
•Pet Guinea Pigs – Salmonella Enteritidis
CDC and multiple states investigated several multi-state outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to contact with live poultry in backyard flocks.
People can get sick with Salmonella infections from touching live poultry or their environment.
These birds can be carrying Salmonella bacteria but appear healthy and clean and show no signs of illness.
Other possible exposure
Unpasteurized Raw Milk and/or Cheese consumers are:
- 840X more likely to contract a food borne illness
- 45X more likely to be hospitalized if they get sick
“Unpasteurized milk, consumed by only 3.2% of the (U.S.) population, and cheese, consumed by only 1.6% of the population, caused 96% of illnesses caused by contaminated dairy products,” according to the 2017 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
As consumption of unpasteurized dairy products grows, illnesses will increase steadily; “a doubling in the consumption of unpasteurized milk or cheese could increase outbreak-related illnesses by 96%”.
My intention isn’t to blame or scare you but to inform you. And possibly help explain why you have SIBO / IBS so you can move forward on what to do about it.
Why is this important?
A review of 45 studies [Klem, et al. Gastroenterol 2017] concluded the risk of post infectious IBS is 1 in 9 people who had experienced food poisoning. Risk factors include: severity of the food poisoning, being female, having blood in the stool, antibiotics needed, lasting >7 days, psychological factors.
Depending on the person, the body may have an immune reaction to cytolethal distending toxin B from the bacterial food poisoning that causes molecular mimicry or autoimmunity to vinculin. Vinculin plays an important role in gut motility and the action of the migrating motor complex.
Thankfully there is a test!
Cutting edge research by scientists at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles has led to the discovery that two antibodies, anti-CdTB and anti-vinculin, are elevated in the blood of patients with IBS-D and IBS-M.
I appreciate the Cedars Sinai research team and have spent time with the amazing individuals who have spent years to provide this information.
While there are other companies offering testing for anti-CdTB and anti-vinculin antibodies, IBSDetex (Quest Diagnostics), IBSCheck (CommonWealth), and Array 22 (Cyrex), I recommend the company ibs-smart™️ that provides the most up-to-date testing available.
ibs-smart™️ uses the latest innovative technology to measure the levels of these antibodies in your blood and determines your likelihood of having IBS-D or IBS-M.
The test costs $220 and most insurance companies cover at least a part of this cost.
If your ibs-smart™️ results are positive, you have greater than a 95% certainty of having IBS. However it is also possible that you have other conditions along with IBS.
This test is usually negative in patients with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. However some might have IBS in addition to Crohn’s or Colitis.
An inconclusive test means that you might still have IBS, but you don’t reach a threshold of biomarkers that indicates IBS from a previous event of food poisoning.
A positive test result is important to know because it increases the importance of avoiding food poisoning in the future, as it could worsen your IBS.
The importance of avoiding food poisoning
Ahh… yeah! Don’t we all want to avoid food poisoning…
I personally follow Food Safety News for updates and it has come in very handy. One time I knew not to eat the possibly E.coli contaminated romaine lettuce grown in Yuma, AZ served at a conference I was attending WEEKS before it was known to the general public. I did my best to gently inform people at my table, but unfortunately I wasn’t very well received because it wasn’t hashtag worthy at the time. All I know is I was extremely grateful to be able to make an informed decision.
If you have experienced food poisoning or travelers diarrhea, have been suffering with GI discomfort and would like to get some relief, please visit my website to schedule a visit with me at my Los Angeles practice or via Video Conference.
I look forward to working with you!